Cambodia in BriefCambodia is a constitutional monarchy
Head of State King: His Majesty Preah Bat Samdech Preah Boromneath Norodom Sihamoni
Prime Minister: Sam Dech Akkak Sena Moha Padei Techo Hun Sen
Population: 14 Million
Ethnic Khmer: 90%
Religion: Theravada Buddhism
Official Language: Khmer
Second Official Language: French
The kingdom of Cambodia lies in the tropical zone that is situated in Southeast Asia and located in the Southwestern part of the Indochina peninsula. The country’s land size is 181 035 square kilometers, which is relatively small compared to its neighbors. The country is bordered by Thailand and Laos on the North, by Vietnam on the East and Southeast and by the Gulf of Thailand and Thailand on the West. Much of the surface of the country is a low land area, which is bounded by mountain ranks and plateaus physically shaped like a pan. Cambodia is also centralized by Tonle Sap Lake ‘Great Lake,’ which is one of the largest fresh water lakes in Asia and is traversed by the Mekong River, 500 kilometer from North to South.
Cambodia Weather & Cambodia Climate
Cambodia Weather: Cambodia is situated in Southeast Asia, lying between 10 to 13 degrees north of the equator. The country has two types of monsoon which in turn produce two kinds of season, namely- the wet season and the dry season.
During the months from October to April Cambodia experiences the dry season. The dry season includes three cooler months with temperatures of twenty to twenty eight degrees Celsius, followed by the three months of hot summer with temperatures of twenty nine to thirty five degrees Celsius. The cold season is the more enchanting for both flora and fauna. Therefore tourists prefer to visit Cambodia during the cold season in the months from November to January. Some tourists, however, prefer visiting in the summer season to enjoy the hot weather. Cambodia Climate: From the end of the April to the month of September it rains almost every evening, but the mornings are fresh and bright. Cambodia is able to welcome its tourists even during the rainy season because it never rains continuously throughout a day, but just for a few minutes or hours. Therefore tourists can enjoy their stay even during the rainy season. In the month of August, it never rains and so tourists may easily explore the beauty of Cambodia at this time.
The average temperature of Cambodia is around 27 to 28 degrees Celsius which is a suitable Cambodia temperature for tourists to enjoy. During the rainy season temperatures might range from 20 to 27 degree Celsius. During the summer months the climate can become very hot. up to 35 degrees Celsius. Every day there might be a little fluctuation in the temperatures and climate but still tourists flood the cities of Cambodia to enjoy the enchanting scenic beauty of nature, lakes, vegetation, buildings, and monuments, which welcome the visitors with their rich culture.
Population & People
The majority of the population in Cambodia is Khmer having inhabited the area since 1500 BC. The population in Cambodia is about 14.3 million with 96 percent of that number being Khmer, four percent being Vietnamese, Charm Muslims, Chinese or other. The life expectancy of a male in Cambodia is 62 years old with the female life expectancy being 66 years old. This is mostly due to the conditions in which living in poverty in rural as well as the result of war has brought on in this country. Cambodia’s population was devastated by war and genocide from 1970 until 1989, the time of the Khmer Rouge with the country’s mortality declining to zero with as many as 2 million people being killed unjustly during that time. After the time of the Khmer Rouge people did move back into the towns and these areas have been growing since 1980.
Khmer is the official language of Cambodia and was originated from India. Khmer is spoken by over nine million people with Sanskrit & Pali being the root of the language. Khmer has been written and used since the seventh century.