Cambodia General Information
Cambodia in Brief
- Cambodia is a constitutional monarchy
- Head of State King: His Majesty Preah Bat Samdech Preah Boromneath Norodom Sihamoni
- Prime Minister: Sam Dech Akkak Sena Moha Padei Techo Hun Sen
- Population: 15 Million
- Ethnic Khmer: 90%
- Religion: Theravada Buddhism
- Official Language: Khmer
- Second Official Language: French
The kingdom of Cambodia lies in the tropical zone that is situated in Southeast Asia and located in the Southwestern part of the Indochina peninsula. The country’s land size is 181 035 square kilometers, which is relatively small compared to its neighbors. The country is bordered by Thailand and Laos on the North, by Vietnam on the East and Southeast and by the Gulf of Thailand and Thailand on the West. Much of the surface of the country is a low land area, which is bounded by mountain ranks and plateaus physically shaped like a pan. Cambodia is also centralized by Tonle Sap Lake ‘Great Lake,’ which is one of the largest fresh water lakes in Asia and is traversed by the Mekong River, 500 kilometer from North to South.
Population & People
The majority of the population in Cambodia is Khmer having inhabited the area since 1500 BC. The population in Cambodia is about 14.3 million with 96 percent of that number being Khmer, four percent being Vietnamese, Charm Muslims, Chinese or other. The life expectancy of a male in Cambodia is 62 years old with the female life expectancy being 66 years old. This is mostly due to the conditions in which living in poverty in rural as well as the result of war has brought on in this country. Cambodia’s population was devastated by war and genocide from 1970 until 1989, the time of the Khmer Rouge with the country’s mortality declining to zero with as many as 2 million people being killed unjustly during that time. After the time of the Khmer Rouge people did move back into the towns and these areas have been growing since 1980.
Khmer is the official language of Cambodia and was originated from India. Khmer is spoken by over nine million people with Sanskrit & Pali being the root of the language. Khmer has been